When we think of ancient myths, we think of imaginary tales. Just fun stories to entertain us. They often do actually have a factual base. If you want to send a message to people across time, you may decide that a timeless story involving a theme that repeats endlessly through time so that a reciepient no matter how far in the future will understand it, is the way to go. The future receipient will marvel at the creativity of the sender, and also be entertained. If you take Aesop's fables for example, stories that literally may never have happened, you will find great lessons and an immediate recognition of the message being sent. There need not be a boy who cried wolf, yet there have been many who have done the same, and everyone will recognize this, no matter how far into the future the story gets told. There could have been a boy who actually cried 'wolf', there probably was many boys who cried wolf, but it is not neccessary for a boy to have cried 'wolf' to give birth to this story, and is in fact, irrelevant.
The Trojan Horse seems to have been pure fiction. To think that a small army could hide inside a giant horse and be disguised as a present. But the story, of how men facing a struggle resorted to using intelligence to overcome the enemy, is real. This really has happened throughout time, ove and over again. I would suggest that most people now believe that a trojan horse is a computer virus but still understand the concept of deception in the story's original sense. The writer of The Trojan Horse story knew that the story was timeless, and people of any time period could relate to it. Even now it seems we relate to it so well it is a common familiar term.
One day I was reading book of amazing facts, really made for kids, and I came across the story of the riddle of The Sphinx. The Sphinx is a giant monument (I think you knew that much), something to be worshipped, probably signifying a god or deity of some sort. A lion's body with the head of a human. The strength of a lion, the intelligence of a man, or woman. The 'Riddle of The Sphynx' portrays The Sphinx as a woman, who asks men who walk by a question, and if they can't answer it, she "eats" them. If they do manage to answer the question, the sphynx falls to her death. This riddle was created long after The Sphinx in Egypt was built, but is also ancient. When I read this story, I knew exactly what it meant.
It seemed such a simple message; here's what I found. If The Sphynx is a female, and she asks a man a question he can't answer, he has demonstrated that he is not smarter than the woman, and she now has worth, so she "eats" the man, so to speak. If on the the other hand the man answers the riddle, he shows he is smart - as smart or perhaps smarter than her, in which case, he has little value for the woman, other than for sex of course. The man has now broken the woman's spirit, and she will fall to her death, proverbially. Woman who has nothing to offer a man but her body is a woman whose spirit has fallen. If a man let's the woman think she is smarter than the man, the woman gives the man what he wants, she "eats" him. Do I need to go into detail? I believe this is a simple message that is timeless, everyone will understand it.
If a man let's his lady think she has worth outside of sex, there will be happy sexual relations. If the man makes the woman feel stupid, and worthless, the man has broken the woman's spirit, she will die. Do I think the Greeks would have put such a sexual meaning in his riddle? If anyone is going to put a sexual meaning in a riddle, it's going to be the Greeks. We have so much to learn from them. So back to the monument. No one is certain who The Sphinx in Egypt was modelled after, or even if it was a specific person. One thing is for sure, there were some mighty female leaders in ancient Egypt, and to make a monument of a deity to worship with the strength of a lion, and the intelligence of a human, and make that human a female, not a male, does seem plausible. They're may have been alot of debate at the time, and men may have decided it was to be female, if there were to be any favours to enjoy. Other men may have agreed, to celebrate a woman as the most intelligent may have some benefits.
There could have very well been a female leader whose ego demanded such a tribute, or a male leader who decided to celebrate his woman. If The Sphynx was a female, let's ask why her face is so damaged. Let me ask here, if today a great momument were to be built in almost any part of the world of a powerful deity that had incredible strength and intelligence, and it was represented by a woman's head, just how long do you think that the face of that momument would survive undamaged? You know, some people say if we look at the past we can understand the present, I say if we look at the present, we can understand the past.
The riddle? You can research that online. I would say that I would not have been able to answer it.